Aileen Hower and Lynne Dorfman refresh our thinking about the advantages of facilitation over too much center-stage teaching. If we learn how to facilitate effectively and balance instructional methods, students will retain more and reteaching time will shrink significantly.
Letting go is messy! As Sunday Cummins and Julie Webb wrap up a 10-part exploration of the gradual release of responsibility, they encourage teachers to ensure kids participate actively in every phase of GRR, as we observe them closely, remain nimble, and practice flexibility.
The “You do” phase of Gradual Release of Responsibility should give students many opportunities to reveal signs of mastery and indicators of readiness, with teachers serving in the role of “active observers.” Experts Sunday Cummins and Julie Webb guide us through the process.
Geraldine Woods led independent study at her school for more than 25 years. She’s convinced some version will work in most subjects and for most middle school students if three basic principles are present: student choice, adult guidance, and students teaching students.
Ideally, the “you do together” phase of GRR is a student-led experience that acts as a catalyst for learning. But how often does this kind of student interaction really happen in classrooms? Cummins and Webb consider what teachers can do to foster true collaboration.
Sometimes things fall apart when we’re trying to implement the gradual release of responsibility. Students struggle unproductively. Our guided and independent practice falls flat. Experts Cummins and Webb offer strategies to recalibrate or even restart when GRR goes awry.
During reading instruction, implementing the “guided practice” part of Gradual Release of Responsibility can be tricky. Sunday Cummins and Julie Webb offer ways to select appropriately challenging texts and then provide guidance during conferences with students.
When students tackle fact-rich texts, teachers may need to shift into focused instruction mode, modeling the strategic processing nonfiction readers use to make sense of new information. Cummins and Webb share a teacher-student partnership scenario.
Throughout the gradual release of responsibility we want students to be in control of their learning. Each phase is a partnership, with teacher as facilitator and student as agent. Cummins and Webb show how this works to produce an instructional journey with maximum benefit.
Teachers can capitalize on what our students already know and can do by purposely choosing to employ the independent “You do” phase of the gradual release of responsibility (GRR) at the start. Sunday Cummins and Julie Webb show how this strategy can build student agency.