Add 5 Minutes of Current Events into History Class
A MiddleWeb Blog
I procrastinated making the change because I was more than a little concerned about covering the history curriculum. But I felt I wasn’t doing my job as a social studies teacher if students didn’t know what was happening in the world around them.
This feeling has grown even more urgent in the past couple of years – even the past couple of months – with student activism splashing onto the front pages of papers across the country.
Ultimately, moving current events front and center has been one of the most influential paradigm shifts in my eighteen years of teaching.
So how did I do it? How can we all do it? Here are three approaches I’ve tried that make fitting in current events painless.
Take just five minutes a day – really!
Each Monday through Thursday, I find a news article or brief video and project it onto the whiteboard. Students write down the headline and take other short notes to help them remember the story. My presentation and our discussion usually last no more than five minutes at the beginning of class, and then we continue on with the history we are studying or the project we are working on that day. It’s really that simple.
Accept that these daily news bits will be more teacher-directed.
In my ideal world, my classes would be almost entirely student-centered. And on Fridays, when students lead the class by presenting current events, we head toward a truly democratic classroom. However, for these daily five minutes at the beginning of class, I often become the expert curating the world for students.
That said, a good ten or twenty percent of my middle schoolers follow the news on their own, or as a result of their parents’ encouragement (or arm twisting).
And a majority follow trending news on their social media, so some days everyone knows what’s happening. When there’s general awareness about an issue, I’ll ask a student to summarize the story before I go into detail about nuances they might not have understood.
Have faith that current events will apply to historical themes.
One eighth grader in my class wrote in an anonymous online survey, “I really appreciate the current events we study because I believe that it is important for us to be aware, and knowing about the current events is helpful when we study government and history because these explain why certain events today happen, and why certain things are set up the way they are. It helps us build ties.”
And another said: “I think that current events are always helpful. They always apply to the material we are learning, and I can always think back on the article/video we watched/read.”
Absolutely. Discussing the news “helps us build ties” with what has come before, both in understanding themes across time and in applying cause-and-effect relationships to history. Consider one example:
If we pick apart the actions of the U.N. Security Council today, it is hard not to mention that the group’s five permanent member countries happen to be the victors of World War II. Or that Eleanor Roosevelt stood on an international stage as the head of the U.N.’s Human Rights Commission. Or even that the founding of the United Nations followed World War II, just as the founding of its precursor, the League of Nations, followed World War I.
All of these facts can be embedded into a ten-minute discussion about the potential U.N. reaction to North Korea’s latest nuclear proclamation, or they could even pave the way into a 20-minute small-group analysis of excerpts from the 1948 United Nations Declaration of Human Rights.
Making the Leap
What finally convinced me to give up the class time each day was realizing that we, as social studies teachers, are often the only adults in students’ lives talking about the news with them. It’s likely that no one else will do it if we don’t. If the news is the first draft of history, how can we ignore it?
Here’s one more anonymous student comment: “I liked the daily current events that occurred at the beginning of class each day because this brought new topics into the class. Current events showed me how there are so many things that are happening around me without even knowing.”
Do we want our students “knowing” or not knowing? Aware or unaware? Informed or ignorant? Part of the national conversation, or isolated in their daily lives?
We know what we want: young adults who will grow up to be active, literate citizens. It starts day by day, in our classrooms, as we open up the world and ask our students to step into it with us.
Further reading at MiddleWeb:
For super summer reading, try Sarah Cooper’s book, Creating Citizens: Teaching Civics and Current Events in the History Classroom, Grades 6–9, a Routledge/MiddleWeb publication. MiddleWeb readers receive a 20% discount from Routledge with the code MWEB1.